Ecotourism - a responsible and balanced way of visiting natural areas where the natural environment is preserved, tourism that helps to improve the welfare of native Israelis.
Ecological tours are trips with the environment and for the environment.
This tourism has been called "hiking for hikers" or "traveling a little differently". People came to remote places.
In the mid-1970s, the awareness of ecotourism increased, and tour operators began to propose programs that fit the ideological line of ecotourism: hiking and closeness to nature. In addition to sports activities, activities are offered for the environment: participation in archaeological excavations, cleaning of paths and nature reserves, cleaning of beaches and natural water sources, and restoration of forests. In the United States, TIES works to spread the idea of ecstasy.
Ecotourism: The least possible exploitation of local resources, economic contribution to the host community, and sensitivity to its social and cultural codes.
There are also codes of behavior on the part of the tourism entrepreneurs, for example:
- The hotel or hostel must be constructed of suitable building materials for the environment.
- Consideration of natural vegetation and habitats around the facility.
- Reducing the use of non-recyclable resources.
- Encouraging the use of exploited land rather than new land.
Recycling of waste and water.
- Use of insulating materials during construction to reduce the amount of energy consumed.
- Reducing the use of fertilizers and chemical spraying materials.
- Intended construction for the exploitation of sunlight and natural ventilation.
- Access to a natural environment.
There are also codes of conduct required from tourists who choose to travel within the framework of eco-tourism:
- Prepare before the trip, learn about the place and the locals.
- Choose only hotels that protect the environment (eg hotels that use consumable soaps).
- To stay in a local hostel where you can meet with the population directly, and where the payment goes directly to the locals rather than to an international network.
- Eat local meals - a two-way approach: also help the locals and experience the taste of the place.
- Buy from local businesses and especially traditional products of the place.
- Choose a bus company that provides a vehicle that prevents air pollution.
- Join more trips that include hiking trails.
- On nature walks do not get off the marked trails.
- To stay for a long time in one place, in order to fit in, to absorb a local experience.
- Protect the environment.
The WTO seminar, the World Tourism Organization dedicated to African ecorism, was held in Mozambique, which is very interested in attracting tourists to Africa. The message of the seminar: Ecotourism, if properly planned and managed, can be an important economic source and an effective tool in preserving natural and cultural assets. The seminar also emphasized the importance of sustainable development of eco-tourism.
In the incoming tourism services to Israel we see signs of reference to eco-tourism, especially in terms of content and less in terms of storage: The Society for the Protection of the Sabra conducts tours of an ecological nature, proximity to nature and integration into local culture. The Society for the Protection of Nature has a declared educational objective: to transmit ecological messages.
A number of hotels in Israel have adopted an ecological approach and operate under the heading Health Hotels. This is expressed mainly in the organic food served to the public and the creation of an atmosphere free of noise and smoke. Desert tourism, in terms of software and the nature of its participants, is the same as its goals for eco-tourism.
In each of these areas, which are primary nature, rich in vegetation and animals unique to the region, in unique geomorphological phenomena, in the remains of human heritage from different periods. Rural communities in the area can serve as a base for the development of guest rooms. In the Dead Sea, for example, the hotel zone is concentrated in the Ein Bokek compound, and many open spaces with the appropriate characteristics for eco-tourism are abundant in the surroundings. The hotels themselves offer a wide range of body and soul pampering treatments. Health club treatments are based on the natural elements of the Dead Sea - thermo mineral water and mud.
Ein Gedi and Metzuki Dargot - Two communities in the Dead Sea area that operate tourism hotels that have distinct ecological elements: The holiday resort in Ein Gedi is immersed in a spectacular botanical garden, and Metzuki Dargot overlooks the Dead Sea and the Judean Desert. The guests enjoy a variety of activities: tours along the wadis in a desert vehicle or hiking trails, surfing and rock climbing, birding trails, watching the sunrise in front of the Dead Sea, meditation in the desert, touring the nature reserve and purchasing local products.
The heart of the Arava, on the way to Eilat, is one of the uninvited areas left in our country. The area between Moshav Idan to the north and Moshav Paran in the south is a wide area, Adir with animals, early desert landscapes and hidden springs, and the tourist infrastructure in which it is developing: high quality country lodging, tourist sites, restaurants and many routes.
translation from the article https://sites.google.com/a/afridar.ort.org.il/asaa/aswd